Tuesday, August 25, 2020
The MontrÃ£ ©al Fine Arts Museum Essay The MontrÃ£ ©al Fine Arts Museum (MFAM) is a non-benefit association that was established almost 25 years back by the Monet siblings, who dedicated their whole lives to advancing workmanship. For as far back as five years, the MFAM has become pleasantly because of its CuratorÃ¢â¬â¢s ability for putting on shows that the open finds exceptionally fascinating. Because of the spending cuts reported by the administration this year, awards for expressions of the human experience were down impressively. The cut is considerably progressively critical for private associations that, similar to the MFAM, need to raise 65% of their financing necessities through ticket deals so as to be qualified for an award program. The Chairman is exceptionally glad to declare some astounding news. As of April first, the London Museum will loan to MFAM, for nothing out of pocket and for a time of nine months, its whole dinosaur and ancient craftsmanship assortment. This is very uplifting news since it will pull in the general population and create some truly necessary income. We will compose a custom paper on The MontrÃ£ ©al Fine Arts Museum explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now It is currently February 26 and the Chairman of the Board of Governors, Mr. Monet, has quite recently asked you, CA, the recently employed Controller, for your supposition on different issues concerning the Museum. There are a few worries about the organization of the MFAM. An extortion was as of late found including a bought painting that was seen not as true. This could seriously affect the MuseumÃ¢â¬â¢s notoriety and could make the London Museum won't loan its assortment to the MFAM. You meet with a couple of various individuals to acquire a comprehension of how the historical center works (Exhibit I). Considering this extortion, Mr. Monet needs you to suggest controls that ought to be actualized just as proposing implies for guaranteeing they are followed. These proposals will be executed without anyone else and Mr. James, an individual from the Board of Governors who is additionally the Controller of an organization in the territory. The Board of Governors likewise needs you to raise to their consideration some other critical control and working shortcomings in the administration of the Museum. Moreover, the MFAM declared openly that on April first it will dispatch another site. The webpage will permit clients to study the perpetual assortment and current displays just as permit the general population to make gifts to the exhibition hall on the web. The Board of Governors has gotten a proposition from the possible provider, WebStirs, (Exhibit II) and might want your sentiment on it. At long last, The Board of Governors knows that people in general is as yet hesitant to utilize the web for gifts and might want you to prescribe measures to be taken to console expected contributors and urge them to utilize this trend setting innovation.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Change managment - Literature survey Example The quick improvement of science and innovation, changes in ways of life and life methods of reasoning of individuals, changes in the purchaser brain research projects and purchasing practices and so on rolled out improvement unavoidable in hierarchical world. The board of changes in the hierarchical world is troublesome due to different reasons. Representatives frequently oppose changes in view of their biased recognition that any progressions occurring in the hierarchical world are expected for augmenting the benefits of the association through expanding the outstanding tasks at hand of the workers. Contenders frequently raise firm rivalry which powers an association to consider changing its typical strategies, approaches and business methods of reasoning to remain or make due in the market. Regardless, change is avoidable in authoritative world and the achievement and the disappointments of an association rely upon the capacity of the association in executing or dealing with the p rogressions emphatically. Change the executives has normally been characterized as a procedure including unfreezing, moving, and refreezing qualities, practices, and systems inside associations. Unfreezing alludes to the formation of an apparent disparity between the current and perfect condition of an association that creates a longing for change and brings peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s obstruction down to change. ... This paper investigations accessible literary works to get more bits of knowledge about association learning, authoritative adequacy and the job of progress management.Ã¢ The need of progress the board to an association Ã¢â¬Å"The excursion of Change Management begins with a Request for ChangeÃ¢â¬ (Doherty, 2006, p.5). It could be from outer sources like clients or inward sources like the workers. Clients may regularly request improvement in administrations they got from the association Same way representatives may likewise grumble about the expanded remaining task at hand or absence of work-life adjusting they are confronting. These things can constrain the association to execute changes in its working. Different conditions that encourage hierarchical change are; Ã¢â¬Å"A emotional emergency, Leadership turnover, Stage of life-cycle, Age of the association, Size of association, Strength of current culture etcÃ¢â¬ (Approaches to Change Management, n. d, p.1). It isn't essential that the economic situations consistently stay stable. Market can vary whenever relying upon the monetary and political changes occurring over the world. Such vacillations can bring about emotional emergency in authoritative world as we saw as of late in view of worldwide downturn. It is hard for an association to stay with same approaches even on emergency circumstances. Numerous associations diminished their labor and requested that the rest of the representatives work more so as to slice the costs and to escape from the ongoing downturn. Changes are frequently actualized in an association as a result of the adjustments in administration too. It isn't essential that the administration styles of one individual are like that of others.
Sunday, August 9, 2020
Medication to Treat Claustrophobia While Traveling Phobias Print Medication to Treat Claustrophobia While Traveling By Lisa Fritscher Lisa Fritscher is a freelance writer and editor with a deep interest in phobias and other mental health topics. Learn about our editorial policy Lisa Fritscher Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Daniel B. Block, MD on January 24, 2020 twitter linkedin Daniel B. Block, MD, is an award-winning, board-certified psychiatrist who operates a private practice in Pennsylvania. Learn about our Medical Review Board Daniel B. Block, MD on January 24, 2020 Guido Mieth/Getty Images More in Phobias Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Treatment Types Claustrophobia can be particularly difficult to manage while traveling, but medication and other coping techniques can help. While for most people taking a vacation is one of lifeâs simple pleasures, if you suffer from phobias, an upcoming trip might be fraught with anxiety rather than anticipation. After all, traveling goes hand in hand with being confined to cars, buses, trains, and airplanes. Use these tips to manage your fears. Overcoming Triggers While Traveling Flying: Air travel can be difficult if you have claustrophobia. To make yourself feel more comfortable, accommodate your fear by making smart choices. For example, if you have a fear of heights (acrophobia), choose an aisle seat. If you have a fear of being stuck on the plane, choose a seat towards the front so you can disembark quickly. Anti-anxiety medications may help. Survival Strategies for Claustrophobia and Flying Driving: If you have claustrophobia, long road trips can be uncomfortable. Nonetheless, driving gives you the opportunity to stop and get out of the car when needed. Taking frequent stretch breaks, dividing long drives into shorter segments and carefully choosing your traveling companions can help you relax while on the road. Tips for Surviving a Road Trip With Claustrophobia Train travel: Although the Golden Age of the railroad is long gone in the United States, it is still a primary mode of transport, especially for those with aviophobia, a fear of flying. Train travel affords many luxuries to accommodate your fear that flights do not, including more legroom, larger seats, and the ability to walk around at will. On a cruise ship: If you have claustrophobia, you might worry about being confined in the small cabins on a ship. However, modern ships are virtual floating cities, filled with an endless array of both active and sedentary pursuits and a great deal of open space. Choosing a comfortable cabin and learning your way around the ship are the keys to avoiding claustrophobia at sea. Bus travel: Many people rely on long-distance bus companies for a low-cost alternative to flights or trains. However, buses can be quite challenging for those who suffer from phobias. Small seats, minimal leg room and the prospect of spending hours in close contact with strangers are among the challenges of bus travel. Traveling on less popular routes and at odd times can help you cope with a long-distance bus ride. Medication Before embarking on a long trip, see your doctor or therapist for guidance. Even if you do not normally take medications for your claustrophobia, your doctor may prescribe a low dose of anti-anxiety medication for you to take during the trip. Pay close attention to your doctors instructions, as you may need to start taking pills several days before you travel, avoid alcohol, or follow other procedures. Other Coping Methods A health professional can offer much more than medication to help alleviate your irrational reaction. She can teach you guided visualization and other relaxation techniques to use while in your seat and can help you prevent a possible panic attack. Be sure to practice your new skills before your trip, as some exercises take several days to master. Visualization Techniques to Manage Your Symptoms If possible, travel with a supportive friend or relative. He can talk you down, help you work through a relaxation exercise, or simply keep you distracted during the trip. Your companion can also manage details such as checking luggage, which you may be too nervous to feel comfortable handling. Claustrophobia can impact travel in a variety of ways. With a bit of advance planning, however, there is no reason that your claustrophobia should prevent you from seeing the world.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Since AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s beginning, race based barriers have mired the fulfillment of our shared principles and many of these barriers still persist today. The institutionalized inequalities are detrimental on an individual basis as well a societal basis. Racism does not only affect the individuals that are being oppressed but also how society functions as a whole. Racial inequalities have manifested in American society in ways that underlies a wide range of societal domains such as housing patterns, educational opportunities, healthcare inequality, and incarceration rates. Current events and experiences demonstrate moreover that racial inequality is still adamant in the American culture. Long after slavery, the Jim Crow Era, and the civil rights movement, racial inequality has taken distinctive forms which affect many people within a racially oppressed group. Racial segregation at large is embedded within a structural matrix that not only permeates in the American culture but in our p rivate and public institutions. Disparities in the criminal justice system and housing patterns remain a key barrier to racial equality in America. In order to eradicate racial inequality, there needs to be policy solutions that place fundamental changes to a system with profound historical origins, one that structurally disadvantages minority groups. The criminal justice systemÃ¢â¬â¢s high volume of contact with people of color is a major cause of broader perceptions of injustice in many communities.Show MoreRelatedRacial Inequality797 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRacial inequality is regrettably imbedded in the history of the United States. Americans like to think of the American colonies as the start or founding of the quest for freedom, initially, the ending of religious oppression and later political and economic liberty. Yet, from the start, the fabric of American society was equally founded on brutal forms of supremacy, inequality and oppression which involved the absolute denial of freedom for slaves. This is one of the great paradoxes of American historyRead MoreRacial Inequality919 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat is racial inequality? Racial inequality is discrepancies in the opportunities and treatment of people based solely on their race. Racial inequality is a serious issue that is often discussed in the American criminal justi ce system. Although racial discrimination is present in the criminal justice system, some people use the words inequality, discrimination, racism, and profiling loosely and do not understand how truly complex it is to prove that there actually is racial inequality present inRead MoreRacial Inequality1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesgained some formal standards for the black race. Although at the framing of the Constitution, blacks were not given the regard as citizens or even whole people, time progressed and gave way to opportunities to acquire legal aid in the crusade for racial equality. With the ability to utilize the court system, its formalities, and ultimately its power to enact national laws, blacks were able to win civil rights litigations, thus making advancements as a race. Black American s allegiance to theRead MoreRacial Inequality1818 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRacism, Ã¢â¬Å"a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular raceÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster). Racism, a broad topic that continues to be a problem in our society that affects all races regardless of class and color. Racial inequality, Ã¢â¬Å"a disparity in opportunity and treatment that occurs as a result of someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s raceÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster). OneÃ¢â¬â¢s identity of race should not determine an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyleRead MoreRacial Inequality And Gender Inequality889 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn today s world discrimination is a racial inequality when it come to different races in the United states. Discrimination has been around for years and have created a social inequality , economic crises and have lowered individuals into a group known as the Ã¢â¬Å" racial minorities Ã¢â ¬Å".Racial minorities can be classified as older people , women , immigrants and young men and women. Women from the early 1600Ã¢â¬â¢s to today s women have been discriminated against for years. Women have never had the sameRead MoreGender Inequality And Racial Inequality Essay924 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFor centuries and even today, gender inequality and racial prejudice continue to exist. Throughout time these concepts have overlapped and intertwined, each other creating complex interactions and a negative influence upon society. In the 1980s, Kimberle Williams Crenshaw through her article, named Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color, introduced the term Ã¢â¬Å"Intersectionality.Ã¢â¬ Intersectionality, is the theory of how different types of discriminationsRead MoreRacial Inequality And Socioeconomic Inequalities Essay1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn class we have been focusing on the topic of racial and socioeconomic ineq ualities, and how they are demonstrated in todays society. Both are issues that have improved over the years but are stuck in a pretty bad place right now. We need to become aware of these issues and be willing to make changes to see progress and equality across the United States. White privileges are the unearned advantages and immunities that white people benefit from on a daily basis. A lot of times people donÃ¢â¬â¢t realizeRead MoreRacial Inequality And Racial Discrimination1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Racial inequality is still a prevalent issue in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. After demolishing most of the oppressive racist policies from the past, individuals believe that our society has moved beyond the racial discrimination era. However, the workplace is still strongly segregated based on race and gender. A great deal of this discrimination can be stemmed back to the racist beliefs from the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. These degrading attitudes have strongly influenced the workplace through job interviews, promotion patternsRead MoreRacial Stereotypes And Racial Inequality1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI. Introduction To this day there are still many unresolved issues of racial stereotypes and racial inequality throughout the United States. And it is undeniably seen that the world today embraces multi-cultural and sexual orientation, yet there is still an unsupportable intolerance towards ethnicities and difference. The biggest issue in the world today is the struggle for African Americans to end racial stereotypes that they have inherited from their past, and to bridge the gap between acceptanceRead MoreRacial Inequality And Gender Inequality2184 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesracism and gender inequality have played a prominent role in America. Ranging from slavery to the Jim Crow laws to the war on drugs, racial inequality is present in our everyday lives. Likewise, gender inequality is also as prominent as there are many inherent barriers for women in the workplace such as sexual harassment, inability to ascend into high ranking jobs and stereotypes involving gender roles. Even with the implementation of anti-discrimination laws, racial and gender inequality would still be
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Human population is drastically increasing by the second, with the addition of one billion people every 12 years. Overpopulation creates an abundant amount of issues ranging from environmental and social problems. Nations attaining copious amounts of population introduce a wide array of problems to the world around and such nations. These environmental problems consist of but are not limited to lack of resources such as food and water; which may cause malnutrition in large populations, poor air quality, and overuse of fossil fuels such as petroleum. Social issues that arise from having a superabundant population consist of overcrowding, limits on freedom, and an increased amount of uprising and conflict within the nation itself. China andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After several years of neglecting the use of contraceptives and increasing the size of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s population, the vast population was causing the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s food supply to diminish as well as depleting the nati onÃ¢â¬â¢s supplies. In 1955, government officials in China launched several campaigns in which they promoted birth control, but their efforts took a step backward with the introduction of the Great Leap Forward, which was Mao ZedongÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to quickly turn China into a far more advanced and industrialized nation. It proved to be destructive, communities collectivized and went from farming to producing steel. This caused food supply to slip behind and by 1962, an enormous famine caused 30 million deaths (4). This caused officials to once again focus on limiting the population growth. The campaigns to limit population growth were once again delayed due to the Cultural Revolution in 1966, but the propaganda campaign began again in 1969. Ã¢â¬Å"Late, Long and FewÃ¢â¬ was a slogan used throughout the campaign and the limit on population growth proved to be successful. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s population growth dropped by half from 1970 to 1976 (4). However, the population was levelin g off once again and this caused officials to induce more impactful measures. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s One-Child Policy has become a successful approach and has slowed population growth drastically. China is the most populated country in the world with a population ofShow MoreRelatedChina And Indi Driving Forces Of Overpopulation712 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEmre Can AydÃ ±n Writing Assignment 104A 03/15/2015 China and India: Driving Forces of Overpopulation According to BBC, India s population reached nearly 1.21bn (India census: population goes up to 1.21bn). China is also has the population of 1.36bn according to Chinese Government (China Statistical Yearbook-2014). That s almost the half of the Earth s population. There are negative outcomes of this situation like poverty, depletion of resources and disturbed cultural structures. ActuallyRead MoreHow Overpopulation Affects Education Being in a classroom full of twenty people is a normal800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHow Overpopulation Affects Education Being in a classroom full of twenty people is a normal persons day, but being in a room full of seventy people is an example of overpopulation affecting education. Overpopulation in education affects the people and children very much. It affects the kids by the way they are being taught and the distractions around them. The overcrowding in classrooms cause many children to feel more negative. They feel more negative because most kids in a crowded roomRead MoreThe Biggest Crisis We Face Today : Human Overpopulation1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCrisis We Face Today: Human Overpopulation There are many causes for overpopulation than just increasing numbers of people. Modern technology, improved medicine, more opportunities to get out of poverty, low fatality rates, immigration, and the lack of family planning (Rinkesh); all lead to overpopulation. Earth is home to 7.2 billion people. A research of 2015 (infoplease) shows that most of the world s population lies with the two largest countries in Asia: China and India. As of the last study ofRead MoreOverpopulation and Over- Consumption in India Essay733 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCurrently, the population of India is at a formidable amount of 1.27 billion and estimated to have 1.6 billion people by 2050. What will happen if countries like India keep growing? This issue is known as overpopulation. Overpopulation has become a very prevalent topic in the last ten years and if not controlled, it could affect all countries on earth. Although overpopulation appears to be an insuppressible issue, there are some different ideas and methods that have been used to help this problemRead MoreCompare and contrast India and Chinas population1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChina and India are the two countries that have the highest population in the world. Both countries have realised that family plann ing and population control had to happen around the 1950s for India and the 1970s for China. This essay will seek to compare and contrast China and India, focusing on what the major problems facing both are, why have they both had to implement policies regarding population control, and the long-term and short-term effects that these policies have on the two countriesRead MoreWe Can Stop Overpopulation Essay1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOverpopulation is when the demand of humans is too high for the supply of the earth. Many people do not consider this a threat or have even considered it. Many scientists believe that the world can hold up to 10 billion people which will be in the next 100 years. (Wolchover, 4) Will you or even your children be alive? To many of you the answer is yes. If the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s fertility rate is above 2.1 children per woman then it is something we need to be conscious about. We can look at the history, presentRead MoreEffects Of Overpopulation923 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMalthusian focuses on bringing importance to the issue of overpopulation and how it strains many aspects of our lives such as the environment, and economy. Therefore, Thomas Robert MalthusÃ¢â¬â¢ theory of overpopulation is a prime example of the dangers overpopulation can have on our planet if there are no measures taken to ensure that there will be a sustainable future. For instance, we are going through a crisis in many parts of the world where overpopulation is an issue and is resulting in poverty. AdditionallyRead MoreCompetition for Increasingly Scarce Resources in the 21st Century1214 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCompetition for Increasingly Scarce Resources in the 21st Century Introduction During the 1960s, dire Malthusian warnings about the impact of overpopulation, consumption and resource depletion caused only a ripple of concern in the international community as the Green Revolution and modern birth control methods and practices appeared to provide a viable solution to these problems. Unfortunately, even though innovations in agricultural practices have increased yields even further than during theRead MoreOverpopulation : A Common Misconception1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesforce, which is currently plaguing the planet. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the fact that, overpopulation is not the primary cause of our modern day predicaments, but is merely a tributary to the actual source. Environmental, economic, agricultural and political factors are some of the main incipient issues, which have thus been ignored, and have resulted in the myth called overpopulation. The negative repercussions of these aspects will be examined, along with a comprehensive study int oRead MoreHuman Overpopulation Essay1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman Overpopulation Increasing human overpopulation throughout the world is one of the biggest global issues addressed in the 21st century. This concept negatively affects almost every aspect of society: extinction of plants/animals or habitats, over use of natural resources, climate change, and other environmental problems (Ã¢â¬Å"As WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s HumanÃ¢â¬ ). This continual predicament needs to be corrected by intensified human productive abilities and a global law that will stimulate positive outcomes across
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Types of economic activities 1. Primary industry * First stage in the production process * Major employer in poor countries * Involves the exploitation of natural resources * Includes activities such as agriculture, mining, fishing and forestry * Products are of low economic value * Products are either food for human consumption (e. g. We will write a custom essay sample on Types of Economic Activity or any similar topic only for you Order Now fish) or raw materials for other economic activities (e. g. rubber for the tyre industry) 2. Secondary industry * Second stage in the production process * Also called the manufacturing industry Involves processing raw materials from the primary industry to add value to them * Products are of higher economic value than those of the primary industry * Output is either a final product (e. g. computer) or a part of the final product (e. g. microchip for the computer) 3. Tertiary industry * Involves the provision of services to companies or final consumers * Includes the financial services, health care, education and tourism sectors * Contributes more to the economy as a country becomes more developed * People are the main resource * Output is of high economic value Economic development in the Caribbean The capital city is usually the single prosperous core while the hinterlands are less prosperous * Large and successful industries tend to be located in and around the capital * The rural areas will have fewer and less successful or even declining industries * Governments have set up industrial estates in poorer areas to reduce the income disparity * Disparities in economic wealth between Caribbean countries have made integration difficult * Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is a small group formed within the CARICOM to help with the economic development of member states Measuring economic development . Gross Domestic Product (GDP) * Total market value of goods and services generated within a country over a given period 2. Gross National Product (GNP) * Total market value of goods and services generated by a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens, both domestically and overseas, during a given period Primary industry: Forestry * The art, science and practice of studying and managing forests and plantations, and related natural resources * Guyana and Belize have significant forestry industries * Trinidad and Tobago, Dominica, St Lucia and St Vincent also have substantial forest resources * Jamaica, Barbados and Haiti have almost epleted their forest resources Tertiary industry: Tourism * Provision of services to people who travel to and stay in places away from their place of residence for leisure purposes or otherwise * Generates income for a country through the sale of domestic goods and services to tourists and the employment of its people in tourism-related businesses * Major contributor to GDP * Accounts for more than 60% of the GDP in countries such as the Bahamas, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, and the Netherlands Antilles Earns 90% of the foreign exchange for some countries Major tourist destinations in the Caribbean (2005) Destination | Total tourist arrivals | Destination | Total tourist arrivals| Anguilla| 62,084| Grenada| 98,244| Antigua Barbuda| 245,384| Guyana| 116,596| Aruba| 732,514| Jamaica| 1,478,663| Bahamas| 1,514,532| Martinique| 474,126| Barbados| 547,534| Montserrat| 9,690| Bermuda| 269,576| Puerto Rico| 1,449,785| British Virgin Islands| 337,135| St. Lucia| 317,939| Cayman Islands| 167,801| St. Vincent Grenadines| 95,505| Cuba| 2,319,334| Suriname| 144,899| Curacao| 222,070| Trinidad Tobago| 460,195| Dominican Republic| 3,690,692| US Virgin Islands| 697,033| Case study: Tourism industry in Jamaica Jamaica has a strong global presence * The country is noted for its excellent beaches such as Negril and DoctorÃ¢â¬â¢s Cave in Montego Bay. * It is also known for the DunnÃ¢â¬â¢s River Falls, YS Falls, river rafting on the Rio Grande, cliff jumping at RickÃ¢â¬â¢s Cafe and many other attractions. * Tourism earns the country up to US$970 million a year in foreign exchange * The industry is well developed compared to other Caribbean countries. Activities occur both day and night throughout the year with something to interest everyone. Physical factors influencing the tourism industry in Jamaica 1. Climate Warm and sunny throughout the year * Attracts people from cool temperate regions such as the northern parts of the US * Tourists can enjoy the beaches all year round 2. Natural resources * White sandy beaches * Clear seas rich with marine life * Beautiful scenery (e. g. Blue Mountains) * Lush vegetation * Wide variety of flora and fauna 3. Proximity to markets * Near to Canada, the US and Europe, which are where the bulk of the tourists come from * Travel to Jamaica is relatively cost-effective and time-efficient for t hese tourists Human factors influencing the tourism industry in Jamaica How to cite Types of Economic Activity, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theOrganizational Behavior Analysis in Organizations. Answer: It is the process undertaken by an organization to be able to take lead on the companys functioning and performance and how to help the business grow it entails both group and individual performance, also the scientific approach applied to the workers management is done so as it triggers to answer why people act in certain ways, what mannerisms affect job performance plus employee interaction Doumic (2017, pp.217-230). It examines the employee behaviour in a working environment and churns up a strategy to account whether it has an impact on job structure, communication and motivation (Kramer and Staw, 2013). There are different types of organisation behaviour like micro organisation which target individual groups in organisations, the other type is macros organisational behaviour studies industries and organisations on how they maintain and adapt to various changes that occur and what protocols guide them (Nahavandi and Malekzadeh, 2013). Heres an overview of organisational theories, there is the intelligence where it has emotional intelligence theory where emotional intelligence is the ability to integrate and identify other peoples feelings and being able to handle them appropriately. Here the organisation can apply this in an organisation so as to help make the people have a self-reading mind in terms of situations and what ways to play them out. Under theories of intelligence there is also the one general intelligence theory this is also referred to as the structural model which believes all the knowledge comes from a central point Hebb (2010). The next being of personality which comprises of personality types A and B which was brought up by two people who tried to show that two individuals can work on same things but have different longevity in good work performance in regards to hours given. This can be added in a setting where the people can be classified as who works best when and their requirements to make it easier. Type A personalities are more productive as they are quite competitive and strive for better gains. Type B, on the other hand, are the direct opposite and rush things without having to check them again causing problems and less likely even bother striving for perfection. Also under theories of personality is predicting job performance this is where the attributes of emotional stability, agreeableness, extraversion and conscientiousness fall in place so as to try and get good working clientele Doumic (2017, pp.217-230). Motivation philosophy has several points where one lays on the common-sense theory where it states that in a scenario where there is a job to be done theory X would be the ones who work to just get the money where theory Y goes to work with the intention to be independent and improve their well-being. There is also the expectancy theory which argues out that the person's individual performance motivation would depend on how the outcome would be like. Fundamental attribution error is the ability to focus on a person and the reasons behind why they did something based on their persona (Kramer and Staw, 2013). There is also the theory of perception which holds the gestalt principles which makes visual perceptions in terms of how people see features and how they are put into groups. The figure and ground theory indicates that people focus on particular aspects of a situation and not the whole thing thereby missing out on other finer details. There is also the reification theory that tries to prove that we normally use our experiences to tell about our situations. The closing theory is a theory of attitudes and behaviour that deals with organisational behaviour modification, social cognitive theory and single and double loop learning Doumpos (2017, pp.347-360). All these tend to try to describe the persons behaviour and how we ought to align our ideas and dreams without attitudes and behaviours so as to excel in our basic fields (Nahavandi and Malekzadeh, 2013). Organisational problems in work place can be due to employee issues this arises when there are personal conflicts, the people in charge are sluggish in operational movement. here the management to kerb this can try to figure out the cause of the problem is what and how it can kerb it and reduce its damage Kuppusamy (2017, pp.123-135 ). There are also team problems this arises where there is disconnect with team members and yet team are supposed to be fluid with one another to allow a smooth sail of their group agendas, solutions for here when noted is to have a meeting to try air out the issues and address the parties that are in conflict with each other, thus team leaders ought to be vigilant and must offer feedbacks to the supervisors Miner (2009). Organisation wide problems are occurrent where easy team problems grow and affect an organisation if corrective measures are not taken. This type of scenario should be handled in the manner of if you are not part of the problem you should be part of the solution which is simple to say but usually hectic to undertake but with motivated individuals to accomplish it then it falls into place Doumpos (2017, pp.347-360). Steps taken to kerb problems in an organisation are identifying the problem, this is a major step as noting what the problem is putting all formulas to tackle it on the table and where it noted it eases the search Kuppusamy (2017, pp.123-135). Then it falls onto describing the problem and why the problem is occurring. After this step one brainstorms for potential solutions this occurs as it helps one to find the most effective solutions to implement. Deciding on solutions happens next as the team has already brainstormed on the issue this is then followed by monitoring the solutions to be implemented. Personality is the combination of several factors that help form a distinctive image about an individual. It encompasses the temperate and habitual behaviour tendencies. It is a very vital tool as it helps people be able to be aligned according to their jobs Bagchi (2017, pp89-107). Many aptitudes and changed different sets are linked to personality. As it includes a persons stable feelings, their thoughts and how their behavioural patterns run across Miner (2009). There are types of personality traits that are referred to as the big five they include (O)-openness this in full view opened up refers to the capability of a person being curious, being creative and having an open mind to new possibilities. People in this area thrive in such scenarios as they are able to cope and re- strategize themselves in learning new skills and being entirely flexible. The next trait is (C)-conscientiousness it is structured to being dependable, achievement oriented and organised. It is used to show how high a persons performance can be spread out and how it be stretched across a variety of jobs (Nahavandi and Malekzadeh ,2013). There is also the (E)-extraversion to which describes a persons capability of being of an outgoing persona, talkative and more so sociable. In this account, the people prefer being in social conjunctions with others as when they are in this type of environment they feel more at home and perform more effective. The last two traits are (A) agreeableness and (N)-neuroticism. Agreeableness which gives the person a good personality as they encompass sensitive nature, they are trusting and kind. They are liked a lot because these are the type of people who get along with others and such type of people help mould the organisation well so as it can be able to gel appropriately with the other moving parts in the organisation. Neuroticism in this point scoring high is undesirable as ones traits are not as positive as they incorporate a person anxious, irritable and moody. People affected by this usually have emotional adjustment problems and usually, experience stress and depression. Some of the components involved in explaining why it is important in matching people to jobs are by, personal testing this is the ability to be able to assess the compatibility of an individual based on why testing is followed to the letter to provide a defence against the preposition of allocation of a position Kuppusamy (2017, pp.123-135). Learning personality types as there are four basic types that start with the object focused -these ones know how to be cold in the act of trying to be real and straight forward and are usually successful. There is also the action oriented and the social responsibilities personalities who tend to be sociable with might in motivation and communication rather than task completion on an actual task (Nahavandi and Malekzadeh, 2013). Emotional intelligence is an important piece of the whole equation and can be able to affect the manifestation of a persons personality. This is a skill that is used by an individual to identify self-behaviors and control them appropriately according to the way they are supposed to be handled Bagchi (2017, pp.89-107). There is also successful staffing this refers to where taking in personnel to fill up a position it is good to ensure that the chosen people actually fill the void and not only just filling up and not working tirelessly to move the organisation ahead. One should look at the training the people have undergone and what type of skills they already have maybe due to being in a different field or place, as this can be capitalised in the current organisation References Peer reviewed journals Kuppusamy, Saravanan; Magazine, Michael J.; Rao, Uday.October 2017.European Journal of Operational Research., Vol. 262 Issue 1, p123-135. 13p. Athanasopoulos, George; Hyndman, Rob J.; Kourentzes, Nikolaos; Petropoulos, Fotios. October 2017.European Journal of Operational Research.,Vol. 262 Issue 1, p60-74. 15p. Bagchi, Aniruddha Paul, Jomon. October 2017, European Journal of Operation Research. Review, vol. 262 Issue 1, pp.89-107.19p. Doumpos, Michalis: Andriosopoulos, Kostas; Galariotis, Emilios; Marylou , Georgia:Zopounidis,Costantin. October 2017 European Journal of Operation Research. Review, vol. 262 Issue 1, pp.89-107.19p. Doumic, Marie; Perthame, Benot; Ribes, Edouard; Salt, Delphine; Toubiana, Nathan, October 2017.European Journal of Operational Research., Vol. 262 Issue 1, p217-230. 14p. Zahraei, Seyed Mehdi; Teo, Chee-Chong.October 2017. European Journal of Operational Research. Vol. 262 Issue 1, p75-88. 14p. Books Kramer Staw, (2013).Research in organisational behaviour: an annual series of analytical essays and critical reviews. Volume 25 Volume 25. Amsterdam, Elsevier/JAI. Miner, (2007).Organisational behaviour. 4, 4. Armonk, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe. Chen, (2009).Organisational behaviour and dynamics. New York, Nova Science Publishers. Korman, (2007).Organisational behaviour. 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